Research

Charity During Crackdown: Analyzing the Impact of State Repression of NGOs on Philanthropy

"Charity During Crackdown: Analyzing the Impact of State Repression of NGOs on Philanthropy" (with Suparna Chaudhry, Christopher Newport University)

Presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association (ISA), San Francisco, California, April 2018


Abstract

State crackdown on non-governmental organizations (NGOs), particularly through legal restrictions on funding, has become increasingly common. How do legal restrictions on NGOs impact patterns of private philanthropic giving and individual donor decision-making? With reduced funding for NGOs working on contentious issues, and an absence of philanthropic culture in many developing countries, many NGOs rely on funds from private donors in Western countries. Using a survey experiment, we explore how this crackdown changes donors’ preferences based on the issue area and funding sources of the NGO. We find that private donors are responsive to the legal difficulties international NGOs face abroad and are more likely to donate to legally besieged privately funded human rights NGOs. Additionally, already-likely donors give substantially more to legally restricted NGOs working on humanitarian issues. We conclude by discussing the implications for the sustainability of NGOs working abroad.

Figure

Figure 1: Effect of crackdown on likelihood to donate and amount donated, across issues and funding arrangements

Figure 1: Effect of crackdown on likelihood to donate and amount donated, across issues and funding arrangements

BibTeX citation

@unpublished{ChaudhryHeiss:2018,
    Author = {Suparna Chaudhry and Andrew Heiss},
    Note = {Working paper},
    Title = {Charity During Crackdown: Analyzing the Impact of State Repression of {NGOs} on Philanthropy},
    Year = {2018}}